Crippen, K., & Spillman, C. (2020). SEP2 - science and engineering practice experience protocol. Open Science Framework.


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Open Ed

TPACK Instrument

Archambault, L. M., & Crippen, K. J. (2009). Examining TPACK Among K-12 Online Distance Educators in the United States. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education: General 9(1).


A survey instrument was used to measure the elements of the TPACK framework.