Lundgren, L. M., & Crippen, K. J. (2017). Developing social paleontology: A case study implementing innovative social media applications. In D. Remenyl (Ed.), The Social Media in Practice Excellence Awards 2017 at ECSM 2017: An Anthology of Case Histories (pp. 11-26). Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited (ACPIL).


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TPACK Instrument

Archambault, L. M., & Crippen, K. J. (2009). Examining TPACK Among K-12 Online Distance Educators in the United States. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education: General 9(1).


A survey instrument was used to measure the elements of the TPACK framework.